USDA’s Phony ‘Animal Welfare’ Rule and Other Shenanigans

by | Jun 8, 2023 | Health Blog | 0 comments


At a time when natural farmers are going out of enterprise and being wolfed up by company agribusinesses by the lots of,1 draft regulation2,3,4 at the moment into account would legalize manufacturing facility farm circumstances for natural chickens, thereby pushing much more of the smaller natural farmers out.

Whereas the proposed rule claims to guard and enhance “animal welfare,” all it’ll accomplish is the additional destruction of unbiased natural farmers who do issues proper and subsequently can not compete with “natural” mega-corporations that may promote their meals at far decrease costs as a result of they cheat on the natural requirements.

There Are Two Sorts of Natural

Based on U.S. Division of Agriculture’s Nationwide Agricultural Statistics Service, in 2019, 9 organic-certified corporate-owned confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) in Texas produced 1.5 instances extra “natural” milk than all 530 family-owned natural dairy farms in Wisconsin mixed.5

As of 2021, there are 13 company dairies in Texas with natural certification, and so they’re producing 2.8 instances extra “natural” milk than the remaining 407 natural household farms in Wisconsin.6 In these two years, 123 household farms went out of enterprise in Wisconsin, as did lots of extra in different states.

When small natural farms exit of enterprise, it’s not simply that household that loses one thing. Shoppers additionally lose. They lose entry to genuine natural milk that meets their environmental expectations, and so they’re deceived, as a result of they suppose the upper value they pay offers financial justice and reward for farmers who’re doing issues proper.

In the meantime, a lot of the natural milk obtainable comes from CAFOs which have anyplace from 10,000 to twenty,000 cows, with a density of 5 to 10 cows per acre, that roam in desert circumstances.7 The scene on these manufacturing facility farms is as removed from idyllic farm life as you may get.

In contrast to on a household farm, these CAFO cows don’t graze on grass in pasture. Fairly, pasture grass is reduce after which fed to the cows, as proven beneath. When precise pasture measurement is taken into account, the efficient stocking degree may be as excessive as 20 cows per acre, whereas household farms sometimes present 1 acre per cow.8

Trade Watchdog Points Warning

Based on the Natural Commerce Affiliation (OTA), the regulation is “the primary important motion on natural animal welfare in years.” The Humane Society Legislative Fund has additionally hailed the proposed guidelines as “a landmark federal regulation.”9

Mark Kastel, government director of OrganicEye, an natural trade watchdog, vehemently disagrees, saying that somewhat than strengthening the natural label, the brand new laws will undermine it additional by completely codifying practices that violate the spirit of organics, and even the present letter of the legislation.

“Organics was alleged to be the antidote to the ‘get huge or get out’ draconian agribusiness domination of our meals provide,” Kastel writes.10 As a substitute, natural firms have been acquired by standard producers that slowly however absolutely have eroded natural requirements by willful violations and lobbying.

Because of this, 90% of “natural” eggs now come from gigantic confined animal feeding operations (CAFOs) owned by the biggest suppliers of standard eggs, and most licensed natural rooster comes from firms that increase birds in near-total confinement and feed them imported grains that will or might not be actually natural, as natural grain fraud is now commonplace.

Legalizing Violations of the Natural Spirit

In a letter to members, Kastel writes:11

“For a lot of the final decade and a half, stakeholders within the natural trade have alleged that the biggest egg firms in america have been working mammoth livestock factories, with the USDA illegally granting natural certification.

In 2022, the company launched a brand new draft rule which they purport will carry these operations into compliance, guarantee a degree enjoying subject for opponents, and meet shopper expectations …

Apart from family-scale farms producing licensed natural eggs, the vast majority of manufacturing takes place on industrial operations — generally with 20,000-30,000 birds per constructing — with a number of the largest standard egg entrepreneurs within the nation working licensed natural homes with as many as 200,000 chickens per constructing and over one million birds on particular person ‘farms’ …

The trade’s most vocal watchdog, OrganicEye, has vociferously criticized the proposed laws as a giveaway to company agribusiness pursuits, codifying the persevering with violations of the spirit and letter of the legislation by failing to guarantee that organically managed animals have authentic entry to the outside and are in a position to exhibit their pure instinctual behaviors, each necessities of the present statute and laws.”

Proposed Requirements Hardly Enshrine Animal Welfare

Based on OrganicEye’s evaluation, the proposed new natural rule would permit natural poultry farmers to stack birds in multitiered aviaries stretching from ground to ceiling, offering as little as 1 sq. foot of house per animal, and that’s together with outside porches, which have restricted entry.

The next picture was supplied by OrganicEye for instance of what this “natural” CAFO setup seems to be like.

example of organic cafo setup

Out of doors necessities aren’t any higher — simply 1 to 2 sq. ft relying on the load of the birds. For comparability, farmers who’re a part of the Natural Valley cooperative should present a minimum of 5 sq. ft per hen, and European natural laws require 43 sq. ft per fowl.12

The draft rule additionally permits egg-laying hens to be confined for the primary 16 to 21 weeks of their life. After this a lot time spent in indoor confinement, many chickens are too frightened to ever enterprise exterior. They’ve mainly been skilled to not roam. The scenario is even worse for broiler chickens, which may be confined till only one or two weeks earlier than their scheduled slaughter.

What’s extra, the brand new guidelines would permit for half the outside space to be lined in both concrete or gravel. “How are the birds going to have interaction of their pure instinctual conduct — foraging, consuming grass, scratching and pecking for bugs and worms — on concrete?” Kastel asks.

Proposed Rule Fulfills Company Lobbyists Want-Record

As famous by OrganicEye, these “anemic necessities” are “straight from the want listing of company lobbyists.”13 Certainly, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack himself is a former million-dollar-a-year agribusiness lobbyist who was named BIO Governor of the Yr in 2001 by the Biotechnology Trade Group (BIO) “for his help of the trade’s financial development and agricultural biotechnology analysis.”14

So, Vilsack is hardly a champion for true natural farming, and the USDA’s failure to uphold the integrity of the natural requirements underneath his stewardship15 highlights his company Large-Ag, biotech biases, as does his selection of members to the Nationwide Natural Requirements Board (NOSB).

The NOSB is meant to be a highly-diversified physique of trade stakeholders, together with natural farmers and shopper advocates, however opposite to that constitution, a minimum of 80% of present board members at the moment are affiliated with the trade’s strongest lobbying group, the OTA.16,17 Based on Kastel:18

“The OTA has spent years, and invested untold company dues, in honing the persona that it’s a tax-exempt nonprofit group working within the curiosity of the general public when, in reality, it’s a ruthless trade foyer group that has crossed swords with the nonprofit neighborhood on just about each controversial difficulty earlier than the NOSB.”

A number of nonetheless independently-owned natural manufacturers, similar to Nature’s Path, Nutiva and Dr. Bronner’s, have resigned their memberships within the OTA in protest of its Large Ag bias.19

Underneath Vilsack, the NOSB was additionally stripped of its skill to set its personal agenda. It’s alleged to work independently, however as small natural farmers have been purchased up by giant standard ag conglomerates,20 the company dominance over the NOSB has additionally grown and natural requirements have been watered down to learn the biggest of those company “natural” producers.

An Affront to Natural Shoppers

OrganicEye describes the proposed guidelines as “an affront to shoppers who’re keen to pay a premium to help actually humane remedy of animals and to safe nutrient-dense and extra flavorful meals for his or her households.”21 Kastel provides:

“It’s Orwellian doublespeak, deliberately deceptive the general public, for the USDA to assert that these proposed guidelines are going to enhance the established order of manufacturing facility farm manufacturing at the moment dominating natural livestock, or that they characterize the expectations of shoppers.”

OrganicEye board president Jim Gerritsen, a licensed natural farmer in Maine, additionally acknowledged:

“Whereas USDA needs to be codifying the improved welfare of livestock, and growing natural integrity, this misguided proposed rule sadly does neither. Fairly, it enshrines the very practices which have allowed industrial manufacturing facility farms to maneuver in, take over, and push out hard-working natural household farms.”

A Name to Motion

OrganicEye is now renewing its name to the USDA to implement present natural laws and is urging natural shoppers and supporters to attraction to President Biden to intervene and cease this newest “giveaway to company lobbyists.”

Natural laws already mandate outside entry for all livestock, together with pasture entry for grass fed cows and different ruminants. Importantly, organically raised animals should, by legislation, have the chance to precise their pure instinctual behaviors.

The issue is these guidelines are usually not being enforced, and the reply to nonenforcement just isn’t new laws that merely codify the violations and abuses which can be already going down on industrial-scale “natural farms.”

OrganicEye has created a proxy letter you can download here. Merely print it out, signal it, add any private feedback on the again, and mail it to OrganicEye. They may ship the letters to Biden’s workplace. As famous in that letter:

“A brand new method must be developed as an alternative choice to the tens of tens of millions of {dollars} at the moment spent on annual inspections. The huge preponderance of documented fraud — what we assume is simply the tip of the iceberg — is being found by OrganicEye and others exterior of the certification/inspection course of.

Sources needs to be centered on hiring skilled agriculturalists/forensic accountants for extra complete/periodic audits (punctuated with liberal unannounced inspections and testing).

The division must prioritize listening to the NGO neighborhood somewhat than company lobbyists who’ve been appointed to key management positions on the USDA and on the NOSB.”


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